The Articles of
doctrines of the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church are found in
what is commonly referred to in Wesleyan Methodism as The
Articles of Religion. The Articles of Religion derived from the
Church of England and abridged by John Wesley, Founder of Methodism,
for Methodists in America in 1784.
Article I - Of Faith in the Holy Trinity
There is but
one living and true God,
everlasting, without body or parts, of infinite power, wisdom, and
good; the maker and preserver of all things, both visible and
invisible. And in unity of this
of one substance, power, and eternity—the
Article II - Of the Word, or Son of God, Who Was Made Very Man
The Son, who is the Word of the Father, the very and eternal God, of
one substance with the Father, took man's nature in the womb of the
so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say, the Godhead
and Manhood, were joined together in one person, never to be
divided; whereof is one
very God and very Man, who
dead, and buried, to reconcile his Father to us, and to be a
sacrifice, not only for
but also for actual
Christ did truly rise again from the dead, and took again his body,
with all things appertaining to the perfection of man's nature,
ascended into heaven,
and there sitteth until he return to
judge all men at the last day.
The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one
substance, majesty, and glory with the Father and the Son, very and
Article V - Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for
The Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to salvation; so
that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is
not to be required of any man that it should be believed as an
article of faith, or be thought requisite or necessary to salvation.
In the name of the Holy Scripture we do understand those
of the Old and New Testaments of whose authority was never any doubt
in the church. The names of the canonical books are:
The First Book of Samuel,
The Second Book of Samuel,
The First Book of Kings,
Second Book of Kings,
First Book of Chronicles,
Second Book of Chronicles,
Book of Ezra,
Book of Nehemiah,
Book of Esther,
Book of Job,
Ecclesiastes or the Preacher,
Songs of Solomon,
Four Prophets the Greater,
Twelve Prophets the Less.
All the books of the
as they are commonly received, we do receive and account canonical.
The Old Testament is not contrary to the New; for both in the Old
and New Testaments everlasting life is offered to mankind by Christ,
who is the only Mediator between God and man, being both God and
Man. Wherefore they are not to be heard who feign that the old
fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the
law given from God by Moses
as touching ceremonies and rites doth not bind Christians, nor ought
the civil precepts thereof of necessity be received in any
commonwealth; yet notwithstanding, no Christian whatsoever is free
from the obedience of the commandments which are called moral.
Original sin standeth not in the following of Adam (as the
do vainly talk), but it is the corruption of the nature of every
man, that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam, whereby
man is very far gone from original righteousness, and of his own
nature inclined to evil, and that continually.
The condition of man after the
fall of Adam
is such that he cannot turn and prepare himself, by his own natural
strength and works, to faith, and calling upon God; wherefore we
have no power to do good works, pleasant and acceptable to God,
without the grace of God by Christ preventing us, that we may have a
good will, and working with us, when we have that good will.
are accounted righteous before God
only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by faith,
and not for our own works or deservings.
Wherefore, that we are justified by faith, only, is a most wholesome
doctrine, and very full of comfort.
Although good works, which are the fruits of faith, and follow after
justification, cannot put away our sins, and endure the severity of
God's judgment; yet are they pleasing and acceptable to God in
Christ, and spring out of a true and lively faith, insomuch that by
them a lively faith may be as evidently known as a tree is discerned
by its fruit.
Voluntary works—besides, over and above God's commandments—which
they call works of supererogation, cannot be taught without
arrogancy and impiety. For by them men do declare that they do not
only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, but that they
do more for his sake than of bounden duty is required; whereas
Christ saith plainly: When you have done all that is commanded you,
say, We are unprofitable servants.
Article XII - Of Sin After Justification
Not every sin willingly committed after justification is the sin
against the Holy Ghost, and unpardonable. Wherefore, the grant of
repentance is not to be denied to such as fall into sin after
justification. After we have received the Holy Ghost, we may depart
from grace given, and fall into sin, and, by the grace of God, rise
again and amend our lives. And therefore they are to be condemned
who say they can no more sin as long as they live here; or deny the
place of forgiveness to such as truly repent.
Article XIII - Of the Church
visible church of Christ
is a congregation of faithful men in which the pure Word of God is
preached, and the Sacraments duly administered according to Christ's
ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to
Article XIV - Of Purgatory
as well of images as of
invocation of saints,
is a fond thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warrant of
Scripture, but repugnant to the
Word of God.
Article XV - Of Speaking in the Congregation in Such a Tongue
as the People Understand
is a thing plainly repugnant to the Word of God, and the custom of
to have public prayer in the church, or to minister the Sacraments,
in a tongue not understood by the people.
Sacraments ordained of Christ are not only badges or tokens of
Christian men's profession, but rather they are certain signs of
grace, and God's good will toward us, by which he doth work
invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen and
confirm, our faith in him.
There are two Sacraments ordained of Christ our Lord in the Gospel;
that is to say,
Supper of the Lord.
Those five commonly called sacraments, that is to say,
are not to be counted for Sacraments of the Gospel; being such as
have partly grown out of the corrupt following of the apostles, and
partly are states of life allowed in the Scriptures, but yet have
not the like nature of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, because they
have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of Christ to be gazed upon, or to
be carried about; but that we should duly use them. And in such only
as worthily receive the same, they have a wholesome effect or
operation; but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to
themselves condemnation, as
Article XVII - Of
Baptism is not only a sign of profession and mark of difference
whereby Christians are distinguished from others that are not
baptized; but it is also a sign of regeneration or the new birth.
The Baptism of young children is to be retained in the Church.
The Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of the love that
Christians ought to have among themselves one to another, but rather
is a sacrament of our redemption by Christ's death; insomuch that,
to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the
bread which we break is a partaking of the
body of Christ;
and likewise the cup of blessing is a partaking of the
blood of Christ.
or the change of the substance of bread and wine in the Supper of
our Lord, cannot be proved by Holy Writ, but is repugnant to the
plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a sacrament,
and hath given occasion to many superstitions.
The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper, only
after a heavenly and spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the body
of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper is faith.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance
reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshiped.
Article XIX - Of Both Kinds
The cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the lay people; for both
the parts of the Lord's Supper, by Christ's ordinance and
commandment, ought to be administered to all Christians alike.
Article XX - Of the One
Finished upon the Cross
The offering of Christ, once made, is that perfect redemption,
propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world,
both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for
sin but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifice of masses, in the which
it is commonly said that the priest doth offer Christ for the quick
and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, is a blasphemous
fable and dangerous deceit.
Article XXI - Of the Marriage of Ministers
ministers of Christ
are not commanded by God's law either to vow the estate of single
life, or to
abstain from marriage;
therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christians, to
marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve
best to godliness.
Article XXII - Of the Rites and Ceremonies of Churches
is not necessary that rites and ceremonies should in all places be
the same, or exactly alike; for they have been always different, and
may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and
men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against God's Word.
Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and purposely
doth openly break the rites and ceremonies of the church to which he
belongs, which are not repugnant to the Word of God, and are
ordained and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked
openly, that others may fear to do the like, as one that offendeth
against the common order of the church, and woundeth the consciences
of weak brethren.
Every particular church may ordain, change, or abolish rites and
ceremonies, so that all things may be done to edification.
the general assemblies, the
and the councils of state, as the delegates of the people, are the
rulers of the United States of America, according to the division of
power made to them by the
Constitution of the United States
and by the
constitutions of their respective states.
And the said states are a sovereign and independent nation, and
ought not to be subject to any foreign jurisdiction.
Article XXIV - Of Christian Men's Goods
The riches and goods of Christians are not common as touching the
right, title, and possession of the same, as some do falsely boast.
Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such things as he possesseth,
liberally to give alms to the poor, according to his ability.
Article XXV - Of a Christian Man's
As we confess
that vain and rash swearing is forbidden Christian men by our Lord
Jesus Christ and James his apostle, so we judge that the Christian
religion doth not prohibit, but that a man may swear when the
magistrate requireth, in a cause of faith and charity, so it be done
according to the prophet's teaching, in justice, judgment, and
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